By Ronny Reyes For Dailymail.Com
The chair of California‘s Reparations Task Force said black people are owed $1 million each and that black homeless people needed to be at the forefront of the proposed compensations.
Speaking with the Rev. Al Sharpton on MSNBC, Kamilah Moore said her task force found that California’s redlining housing practices targeting black Americans between 1933 and 1977 has had a direct effect on today’s homeless community.
Dubbing housing discrimination as one of the ‘five state sanction atrocities’ against black people, the panel initially recommended to California lawmakers that the state pay up $223,200 to each black resident.
Moore previously said economists on the panel estimated that black Californians descended from slaves were owed $1 million per person in reparations.
Moore, 30, noted that as the panel prepares for their final recommendations in July, they are weighing how to help the people who would need the money the most as the panel argues the payments would go on to ‘boost the economy.’
Her statements come after black activists in the community warned the state to comply with reparation payments to avoid ‘a serious backlash.’
A post shared by Rev. Al Sharpton (@real_sharpton)
Kamilah Moore (above), chair of California’s Reparations Task Force, said black homeless people should receive the most aid through compensations for slavery
The state’s housing discrimination and homelessness were listed as one of the ‘five state sanction atrocities’ against black people. Pictured: Homeless men setting up a tent in LA
Moore and the members of the Reparations Task Force highlighted five harms that California inflicted on black residents through public policies.
The harms include: government taking of property, devaluation of Black-owned businesses, housing discrimination and homelessness, mass incarceration and over-policing, and health.
When discussing housing discrimination and homelessness, Moore said black people suffered economic losses of about $569 billion between 1933 and 1977 as a result of redlining.
Redlining refers to a discriminatory practice where access to homes in certain neighbors were withheld from people of color and low-income residents.
According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s annual report on homelessness, there were 171,521 unhoused people in the state during the department’s one-night count. State reports indicate that between 34 to 40 percent of its homeless population is black.
Prior to the task force’s first public meeting last month, Moore discussed the group’s work with economists on how to put a value on the ‘atrocities’ that impacted the black community.
‘They came up with $127,000 per year of the life expectancy gap between Black and white Californians,’ Moore said during a panel at Harvard. ‘That comes to just under $1 million for each Black Californian descended from slaves.’
Moore noted that ‘California can’t pay all that,’ so the task force will be spending the next six months hammering out an adequate value and payment method to recommend to state lawmakers.
The task force will present its final recommendations on July 1.
When the first-of-its-kind task force presented its first report over the summer, Moore told MarketWatch that reparations would help, not hinder, the economy.
‘I expect it to have a positive impact on the economy, to go beyond the dominant messaging that reparations is a handout or that Black people aren’t good with money.
‘[Reparations] will work to close the lineage/racial wealth gap, which would in turn stimulate the economy, via the proliferation of African Americans being able to buy a home or vehicle, open a business, and/or contribute to the existing economy.’
California has more than 172,000 homeless people, with around 40 percent of them being black residents, according to state and federal data
The Reparations Task Force argued that black homelessness in the state was fueled by slavery as well as racist redlining that went on between 1933 to 1977
Between the redlining years, the task force estimated an economic loss of $569 billion in the black community
By the time the task force held its first meeting in December, tensions flared as black activists and business owners demanded the state comply with the reparation recommendations.
Deon Jenkins told the first meeting of the task force that money given to black people in the California should be in-line with the average price of a home in the state, around $800,000.
Following that appearance at the public hearing in Oakland’s City Hall on Wednesday, Jenkins, who refers to himself as a ‘hip hop organizer’ said in an interview: ‘Either they’re going to comply or it’s going to be a serious backlash.’
Brother deon moving the needle @DeonDJenkins #reparationsnow #Reparations #california #PBS pic.twitter.com/h6XbLwkf9U
In his speech before the task force, Jenkins also said: ‘Defense, money, land, grants. Four elements of every society, every nation – a defensive structure, economy, land and having access to that economy’
Another person who spoke at the public hearing was a 35-year-old entrepreneur and the first black professional tri-athlete, Max Fennell who said that every person should get $350,000 in compensation.
He said the money would close the racial wealth gap and that Black-owned businesses should receive $250,000, which would help them to flourish.
Fennell added: ‘It’s a debt that’s owed, we worked for free,’ he said. ‘We’re not asking; we’re telling you.’
He concluded his remarks by saying: ‘The tangibles of what I’m asking for is $350,000 per black American in California that’s tangible, small business grant $250,000 and land 15-20 acres.’
Fennell posted a video on Instagram showing him at the hearings, with around 60 others, alongside the caption: ‘Witnessing history with the tribe.’
Entrepreneur and professional triathlete Max Fennell spoke at the debate saying: ‘It’s a debt that’s owed, we worked for free,’ he said. ‘We’re not asking; we’re telling you.’
Task Force Chair Kamilah Moore listens to public comment during the meeting
The five economists who will determine just how much the state will pay black Californians for historic injustices include a professor who has called for nationwide reparations of up to $14trillion.
Other members of the expert panel advising California’s Reparations Task Force on what they believe would be a fair amount repaid to the descendants of racial discrimination have said there is no such thing as a black middle class and argued the plight of Native Americans is ‘irrelevant.’
Woke professors William Spriggs, Thomas Craemer, Kaycea Campbell, William A ‘Sandy’ Darity Jr and his wife, lecturer Kirstin Mullen, are charged with quantifying the past economic injustices African Americans faced and determining how much compensation black Californians should receive for those crimes.
The controversial task force now has until the end of June to submit its final report outlining just how much black Californians are owed and how many residents would be entitled to the funds.
California’s Reparations Task Force was set up by Gov. Gavin Newsom in 2020. It now has until the end of June to submit its final report
The five-members of the so-called expert panel have previously presented a report outlining the ‘five harms or atrocities’ the state of California has committed against black people and made ‘rough estimates’ of how much their descendants should be rewarded.
Using historical data, the expert panel calculated that black Californians who lived in the state between 1933 and 1977 experienced a housing wealth gap of $223,239 or $5,074 for each year, ABC 10 reports.
They also determined that the potential income lost by incarcerated black Californians from 1971 — the beginning of then-President Nixon’s War on Drugs — through the present to be a total of $124,678 or $2,494 per year.
And, the five-member expert panel argues, because black Californians face disproportionate health outcomes with shorter life expectancies than white Californians and black mothers four times more likely to die in childbirth than other groups, they are entitled to $127,226 each year.
But these are just ‘rough estimates,’ Campbell said at a recent meeting, and the total amount paid out to black Californians could be even higher. It will ultimately be up to California state legislators to approve the payments.
DailyMail.com has now taken a closer look at these so-called experts coming up with these figures.
William Spriggs, an economics professor at Howard University, has said that economic models inherently include racist ideals
William Spriggs, a professor and former chair of the Economics Department at Howard University, has said economic models inherently include racist ideals.
Speaking to CNBC at the height of the Black Lives Matter movement in 2020, he said that basic economic principles perpetuate inequality.
‘We ignore the constructs that our society has created,’ he argued. ‘The purpose of those constructs are to create inequality.’
More recently, Spriggs suggested people applying for unemployment insurance should not have to prove they are searching for a job as he said that any reductions in unemployment insurance would further the income disparity between black people and white people.
Despite his views on the field, Spriggs has made a name for himself in the field of economics.
He was appointed by then-President Barack Obama in 2009 to serve as the assistant secretary for the Office of Policy at the Department of Labor, and was a former president of the National Economics Association, an organization of black economists.
Spriggs now works as the chief economist for the AFL-CIO and serves on the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Thomas Craemer calculated in 2015 that black Americans are owed $14 trillion in reparations
Thomas Craemer, a German ex-pat who teaches public policy at the University of Connecticut, made a name for himself in 2015 when he released his formula that black Americans are owed $14 trillion in reparations.
He arrived at that figure, he said, by tabulating how many hours all slaves worked in th US from when the country was officially established in 1776 to when slavery was abolished and multiplied that by the average wages at the time.
‘For me, the model calculations help us to wrap our minds around the magnitude of the injustice,’ he told the UConn Magazine in 2019, noting that the amount owed has since increased to $19 to $20 trillion.
He went on to argue to the Connecticut Mirror that even though that is a large amount of money, ‘the United States has never shied away from a big project.
Craemer later put his words into action by partnering with Georgetown University to repay the descendants of 272 slaves.
William Darity Jr and his wife, Kirstin Mullen, wrote in their book that the injustices faced by other racial groups in the United States are ‘irrelevant’ to the urgency of black reparations
William Darity Jr and his wife, lecturer Kirstin Mullen, literally wrote the book on reparations, arguing cash payments are the only way to move forward in American society.
They have said the costs of slavery run too deep in American society, with Darity once suggesting that there is no such thing as a black middle class — only slightly wealthier people of a marginalized group.
And, together, they have argued that the injustices committed against black people outweigh all of the injustices committed against other racial groups.
They acknowledge in their book, From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the 21st Century, that while Native Americans ‘could make a far more costly claim on the American government than black Americans,’ potentially including the entire territory of the United States, their claims are ‘irrelevant’ to the urgency of the claims made by black people.
Darity now works as the director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University and a professor of Public Policy, African and African American Studies, and Economics.
His focus, according to his online bio, is on inequity by race; class and ethnicity stratification economics, schooling and the racial achievement gap; North-South theories of trade and development; skin shade and labor market outcomes; the economics of reparations; the Atlantic Slave Trade and the Industrial Revolution; the history of economics and the social and psychological effects of exposure to unemployment.
Mullen, meanwhile, is a lecturer traveling across the country to talk about the need for black reparations.
Kaycea Williams, an economics professor at Chapman University, has kept a low profile
Not much is known about Kaycea Williams’ views, but a lot of her work seems to be focused on economic issues in her home country of Jamaica, according to her LinkedIn.
She has previously written about public corruption and its effects on economies.
Williams now works as an economics professor at Chapman University and at Los Angeles Pierce University and runs a firm called Strategic Economics Analysis.
Published by Associated Newspapers Ltd
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