9 biggest scams to avoid when buying a car on Craigslist – Business Insider

Used car salesmen and Internet sellers both tend to get a bad rap, and the same holds true for people selling cars online.
Craigslist has that local feel, but that doesn’t mean everyone posting a for-sale car is acting neighborly. While there are plenty of genuine people looking to make a one-on-one sale instead of trading their vehicle in, there are also scammers looking to get your money for a nonexistent car or sell you an automobile in bad condition.
“Consumers have been victimized by fraudulent auto transactions since Henry Ford opened shop,” Donald E. Petersen, a Florida consumer protection lawyer specializing in fraud cases, told Business Insider.
We asked consumer protection experts about the biggest scams people should watch out for when they’re buying a car on Craigslist, and this is what they said.
This is one of the biggest things to watch out for on Craigslist postings: a car that doesn’t actually exist. Scammers will copy and paste images from a real posting, then make fake listings in dozens of cities.
Be wary of a seller who’s hesitant to meet in person, and don’t spend money on a car you’ve never seen. Katherine Hutt, director of communications for the Better Business Bureau, told Business Insider that she’s seen identical photos listed on dozens of sites across the country. “Who knows where the original car was?” she said. “The scammer kept using the same photo over and over, with multiple victims.”
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To figure out if the car you’re looking at is real, the BBB recommends copying a picture from the listing and doing a reverse-image search on Google. If the car shows up on multiple sites in multiple cities, you can bet that it’s a fake.
Same goes for the text: Scammers won’t always want to make an all-new listing for every vehicle. Type a snippet from the Craigslist description into Google in quotes, and see if any other listings are using the same words.
While there’s nothing illegal about selling your car to an individual instead of going through a dealer, people who sell a certain number of vehicles a year (the number varies from state to state) are supposed to get licensed. Those who don’t, and pose as individual sellers, are known as curbstone dealers.
There’s likely a reason that they’re trying to bypass the rules licensed dealers need to follow, like guaranteeing money back if the car ends up being a lemon. And curbstone dealers are “often transient or, at the minimum, difficult to locate, Petersen said.
If something does go wrong, you — and the authorities — will have a tough time tracking that curbstone seller down.
Unless you have a mechanic’s-level knowledge of cars, your untrained eye might not realize that high-end parts have been replaced with subpar pieces or that the airbags are missing.
Your mechanic will be able to tell you if there’s anything wrong with the vehicle, so ask the seller if a trusted auto expert — not the one the seller supposedly hired — can look it over before you commit.
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“If a seller won’t allow you to take it to a mechanic before you buy, immediately go elsewhere,” Petersen said.
Plenty of salespeople make a deal by pressuring buyers, and in the case of Craiglist, it gets personal. Scammers tug on your heartstrings to encourage you to make a snap decision based on a hard-luck story.
They might say they’re about to be deployed by the military, or claim they’ve lost their job and won’t be able to pay rent without selling their car.
“Scammers often have some hard luck story to play on your sympathy,” says Hutt. “They push you to pay quickly — because of their emergency — before you can think twice or get advice from someone else.”
On fake listings, scammers know buyers’ alarm bells will go off if they ask for $20,000 up front, which is why they’ll get it to trickle in little by little. Often, they’ll claim the car is in high demand, so they won’t be able to guarantee the way-below-average price unless you put down a payment.
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“The scammer will ask for money in smaller amounts rather than all at once,” says Hutt. “First it’s a deposit, then a payment, then shipping.”
Next thing you know, you’ve put down a big chunk of change for a car that you’ll never see.
Escrow sites are designed to protect you as a consumer. You pay a third-party site instead of sending it straight to the seller, and if anything goes wrong, the escrow will give your money back to you — not the scammer.
But fraudsters know that online shoppers are looking for protection like that, so they’ll trick you into thinking you’re entering a safe agreement by spoofing an existing escrow site or setting up their own.
Don’t automatically trust an escrow site that a seller recommends. The BBB suggests researching the site yourself, and only trusting escrow services that are licensed by the state.
Rolling back the odometer is one of the oldest tricks in the books. The number of miles that a car has driven is a good indicator of how much wear and tear it’s gone through, so skimming a mile or two (or 10,000) off the top tricks buyers into thinking they’ve bought a practically new vehicle.
The average driver takes their car for about 13,000 miles every year, according to the US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, so if a five-year-old car only has 15,000, that could be a tipoff that the mileage isn’t accurate.
Of course, some people really do drive less — teens and elderly people tend to drive less than 8,000 a year, for instance — so compare the odometer reading the car’s other features, recommends the BBB. You shouldn’t see worn-out tires and a well-loved interior on a supposedly barely driven vehicle.
Even if the car looks like it’s in good shape, there could be damage from an old accident or flooding that the seller is purposely trying to hide. Be skeptical, even if the owner offers you a copy of the vehicle history report — the seller might have forged it to clean up its history.
Instead, ask for the vehicle identification number, or VIN, and do your own sleuthing through trusted third parties like Carfax — but know that even those can be missing information because “public records are horribly incomplete,” Petersen said.
“I recommend consumers check the VIN on several locations on the vehicle for consistency to identify cars that have undergone major reconstruction or even possible theft,” he said.
“The most common problem consumers describe to me is that they purchased a used car in response to an ad on Craigslist, and the seller allowed them to take a test drive that can be described as a drive around the block in an area where the speed limits were quite low,” said Petersen.
Until you’ve been in a more realistic driving scenario, you won’t be able to tell how the vehicle actually drives and whether it’s been through proper maintenance, he says. Ask for a longer test drive; a seller who refuses might have something to hide.
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